I just found a great Aloe identification site. It’s called “The Aloe Page” visit it here: http://succulent-plant.com/families/aloaceae.html
Your aloe will love being outdoors in the summer and particularly enjoy being in the sunshine. It is a succulent of the most tender variety, being 95% water. If it meets frost, the outcome will be what you find in the ice-cube tray in your freezer! Definitely, NOT a good thing! Keep it protected. If you put it outside in the summer, be sure to get it back inside before there is ANY danger of frost!
Even though it is so full of water, you should allow the soil to completely dry out before watering it. In fact, some of the articles I’ve read suggest putting gravel or marbles in the bottom third (1/3) of the pot when you plant it to create incredible drainage.
The root system is shallow rather than deep, so try to use a wider rather than deeper pot when you plant it. If you already have it in a conventional pot, consider making that shift when you re-pot it in the future. As you can see by my photos, I planted this aloe before doing research.. SOOO, I’ll have to be looking for a shallower, wider container when it’s time to re-pot! (Whoops!) As I keep saying, I’m learning, right along with you when it comes to houseplants!
You can propagate it by removing the off-shoots around the base of the plant and potting them.
Aloes are also used medicinally. The sap found in the leaves are said to relieve burns and itches, as well as insect bites. All you do is remove a leaf from the base of the plant, slice it open and apply the gel-like sap to the designated area and wait for relief!